When you have cancer, it is important to empower yourself, body, mind, and spirit, with the tools that can help you navigate your diagnosis. Integrative or complementary medicine includes a range of mind-body tools that work in conjunction with standard medical treatment.
According to cancer.gov, these therapies can help you
- Deal with and ease the side effects of treatment
- Feel better about your diagnosis and treatment
- Maintain a sense of efficacy
- Potentially help you treat your disease
Types of Integrative Therapies
Integrative therapies bring evidence-based complementary therapies and conventional medicine together. These complementary therapies include biologically based therapies, emotional/mental approaches, and energetic/spiritual practices. There is a strong evidence base for some of these, and more research is underway for others.
These approaches generally focus on nutrients, and include
- Nutrition counseling, like that offered by Unite for HER, focusing on an evidence-based, plant-based diet. Going through cancer treatment can deplete our bodies, and a registered dietician can help you understand how to get the nutrients you need. They also have tips for cancer-treatment related food issues such as changes in taste.
- Supplements, such as vitamins, herbs, enzymes, and pro-biotics
- Botanicals such as cannabis
These practices focus on adjustment and alignment of the physical body, and include
- Acupuncture. This involves placing needles in various meridian treatment points to restore the flow of energy through the energy field. At Unite for HER, all of our acupuncturists are also trained medical doctors. Research shows that this ancient healing practice helps cancer patients, including anxiety, depression, mental fatigue, and pain.
- Massage, including shiatsu, deep tissue, craniosacral, and myofascial. At Unite for HER, our massage therapists are trained in oncology massage. It helps us relax, reduces anxiety, improves circulation, and lowers blood pressure. Research is underway to find how it supports people being treated for cancer.
- Chiropractic, including DNFT and other non-force techniques: These therapies are hands-on treatments to manipulate the spine and other organs and tissues in the body. They are used to treat pain including headaches and back pain.
- Tai Chi and Qi Gong, which involve slow movements designed to move subtle energies in the system
- Yoga: While yoga includes many spiritual practices from India, in this sense of the word we are addressing hatha yoga, or exercises, which incorporate movement, stretching, holding poses, and breathing, all designed to move energy in the system. It can help address fatigue and improve strength during cancer treatment. Additionally, the breathing/meditative aspects of the practice can help with anxiety, depression, and insomnia.
These practices are becoming more popular in the mainstream and include
- Psychotherapy: This is an increasingly popular type of care for people with cancer. Research shows that working with a therapist can help improve overall wellbeing and decrease anxiety, depression, and distress in cancer patients. At Unite for HER, our therapists are experienced in working with people who have breast or ovarian cancer.
- Mindfulness: This practice of turning again and again to the present moment, with a non-judgmental awareness of our thoughts and feelings, can help you refocus away from the fear and worry that cancer causes.
- Meditation: There are many forms of meditation, but all involve a specific posture (seated, walking, yoga, etc.), a quiet place (when possible), focused attention (on the breath, or a word or phrase, or a concept or idea, or object), and an openness to the flow of interrupting thoughts and distractions. All forms seem to help people with cancer reduce anxiety, stress, and fatigue, while improving mood and sleep.
- Hypnotherapy, Guided Imagery, Guided meditation: These modalities are delivered by a therapist or a recording. They help us relax, and are associated with an increased feeling of wellbeing. Some studies suggest they may temporarily improve our immune function. All will help lower our brainwaves to alpha or theta levels, where we can be creative, relaxed, and peaceful.
These practices rest on the premise that we have an energy field, or biofield, that can be manipulated with hands-on, hands-over, or distant treatment. They include
- Reiki: This is the most common form of biofield therapy used in the US today. It involves balancing the energy field via hand placements and the movement of energy. It can also be delivered at a distance, or via distant Reiki. It can help cancer patients feel calm and maintain treatment.
- Healing Touch and Therapeutic Touch: These are also hands-on approaches that aim to restore balance in the flow of energy through the biofield. Research shows that these hands-on approaches reduce pain and improve our sense of calm and wellbeing; moreover, many cancer patients find them helpful.
- Qi Gong Therapy: in addition to Qi Gong exercises, this ancient Chinese modality can be a hands-on treatment delivered by a Qi Gong master. It is similar to Reiki, Therapeutic Touch and Healing Touch, though it is not as widespread in the US as the other forms of biofield therapies.
Integrative therapies incorporate conventional care and evidence-based complementary therapies. At Unite for HER, we endorse nutritional counseling, psychotherapy, yoga/meditation, and Reiki, and provide these therapies for our national program. In addition, we believe in the value of acupuncture, hands-on techniques like massage therapy, which we are able to offer our members in the Philadelphia region. Before beginning any complementary therapy, please talk to your oncologist, and make sure your treatment is indeed integrative!
What are your favorite integrative therapies? We’d love to hear from you!